Total population
(growth rates per annum)
16,445,593 in 2012 with growth rates of 0.5% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
487 in 2012
Female population 50.5% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 17.2% in 2008 ; 17.9% in 2012
Urban population 81.7% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) n.a
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 4 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme ( provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (81); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (4.1) in 2012
Education Education index - expected and mean years of schooling (rank) ( 16 out of 191) in 2012
Income level GNI per capita in PPP terms (constant 2005 international $) (36,956) in 2012
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (4 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty n.a
Gender Gender inequality index (rank) (148 out of 191) in 2012
Sustainability n.a