Total population
(growth rates per annum)
7,308,800 in 2012 with growth rates of 2.0% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
338 in 2012
Female population 50.6% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 27.5% in 2008 ; 27.4% in 2012
Urban population 91.7% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) N.A.
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 16 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme ( provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (82); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (4.2) in 2012
Education Education index - expected and mean years of schooling (rank) ( 11 out of 191) in 2012
Income level N.A.
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (21 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty N.A.
Gender Gender inequality index (rank) (124 out of 191) in 2012
Sustainability N.A.