People

Total population
(growth rates per annum)
7,623,395 in 2012 with growth rates of -1.1% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
70 in 2012
Female population 51.3% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 13.5% in 2008 ; 13.3% in 2012
Urban population 71.6% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) N.A.
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 57 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme (http://hdr.undp.org) provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (74); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (12.1) in 2012
Education Life expectancy at birth (years) (74); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (12.1) in 2012
Income level GNI per capita in PPP terms (constant 2005 international $) (11,759) in 2012
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (36 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty N.A.
Gender Gender inequality index (rank) (111 out of 191) in 2012
Sustainability N.A.