Total population
(growth rates per annum)
16,831,184 in 2012 with growth rates of 0.9% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
23 in 2012
Female population 50.5% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 21.4% in 2008 ; 23.1% in 2012
Urban population 88.4% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) NA
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 40 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme ( provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (79); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (9.1) in 2012
Education Education index - expected and mean years of schooling (rank) ( 59 out of 191) in 2012
Income level GNI per capita in PPP terms (constant 2005 international $) (15,010) in 2012
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (41 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty NA
Gender Gender inequality index (rank) (82 out of 191) in 2012
Sustainability NA