Domestic and Foreign Market Access

Overview: Trade Policy and Business Environment

The Republic of Côte d'Ivoire is classified as a lower-middle-income economy country. The country was ranked 126th out of the 132 countries in the World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Enabling Trade Index (2012), which measures institutions, policies and services to facilitate trade in countries. Due to its relatively young population (with some 40 per cent of the population under 14), a coastline extending for 550 km, many water sources, and heavy rainfall, Côte d'Ivoire has great potential for sustainable economic growth. Until the late 1990s, it managed to integrate different sectors of activity into its economy very well. The social and political tension (2000-2011) held back growth and weakened the Ivorian economy's competitiveness. Today the country’s infrastructure is still one of the best and most extensive in the West African sub-region.

WEF, 2012, Global Enabling Trade Report
WTO, 2012, Trade Policy Review (Guinea-Bissau, Côte d'Ivoire and Togo)

Domestic Market Access The pillar assesses the level and complexity of a country’s tariff protection as a result of its trade policy. This component includes the effective trade-weighted average tariff applied by a country, the share of goods imported duty free and the complexity of the tariff regime, measured through tariff variance, the prevalence of tariff peaks and specific tariffs, and the number of distinct tariffs. 123 3.07
Foreign Market Access The pillar assesses tariff barriers faced by a country’s exporters in destination markets. It includes the average tariffs faced by the country as well as the margin of preference in destination markets negotiated through bilateral or regional trade agreements or granted in the form of trade preferences. 11 11.41
Tariff rate (%) This indicator is calculated as a trade-weighted average of all the applied tariff rates, including preferential rates that a country applies to the rest of the world. The weights are the trade patterns of the importing country’s reference group (2012 data). An applied tariff is a customs duty that is levied on imports of merchandise goods. n/a n/a
Complexity of tariffs , index 1-7 (best) This indicator is calculated as the average of the following indicators: Tariff dispersion, Specific tariffs and Number of distinct tariffs. See description of each individual indicator for more details. Prior to averaging, values for each indicator were transformed to a 1–7 score, using the min-max method. 6 6.76
Tariffs dispersion (standard deviation) This indicator reflects differences in tariffs across product categories in a country’s tariff structure. The variance is calculated across all the tariffs on imported merchandise goods, at the 6-digit level of the Harmonized Schedule. 26 6.83
Tariffs peaks (%) This indicator is the ratio of the number of tariff lines exceeding three times the average domestic tariff (across all products) to the MFN (most-favoured nation) tariff schedule. The tariff schedule is equal to the total number of tariff lines for each country. These tariffs are revised on a yearly basis. 1 0
Specific tariffs (%) This indicator is the ratio of the number of Harmonized System (HS) tariff lines, with at least one specific tariff, to the total number of HS tariff lines. A specific tariff is a tariff rate charged on fixed amount per quantity (as opposed to ad valorem) 1 0
Number of distinct tariffs This indicator reflects the number of distinct tariff rates applied by a country to its imports across all sectors. 3 4
Share of duty-free imports (%) Share of trade, excluding petroleum, that is imported free of tariff duties, taking into account MFN tariffs and preferential agreements. Tariff data is from 2013 or most recent year available and imports data is from 2012 128 6.26
Tariffs faced (%) This indicator is calculated as the trade-weighted average of the applied tariff rates, including preferential rates that the rest of the world applies to each country. The weights are the trade patterns of the importing country’s reference group (2012 data). A tariff is a customs duty that is levied by the destination country on imports of merchandise goods 132 6.21
Index of margin of preference in destination markets, 0-100 (best) This indicator measures the percentage by which particular imports from one country are subject to lower tariffs than the MFN rate. It is calculated as the average of two components: 1) the trade-weighted average difference between the MFN tariff and the most advantageous preferential duty (advantage score), and 2) the ratio of the advantage score to the trade-weighted average MFN tariff level. This allows capturing both the absolute and the relative margin of preference. 56 34.23
Source : World Economic Forum, Global Enabling Trade Report 2014

Trade Policy and Market Access

Côte d’Ivoire has been part of the WTO since its creation in 1995. Côte d’Ivoire has been showing willingness in complying with the multilateral trading system and considers it as a trigger to its regional integration and development. Côte d’Ivoire’s average MFN applied tariff in 2012 was 11.9 per cent. Agricultural imports into the country face higher tariff barriers (14.6 per cent) compared to non-agricultural imports (11.5 per cent). Côte d’Ivoire has been part of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) since its creation in April 1973, which objective was achieved with the common external tariff put in place in 2013 and the free movement of people, capital and goods within the bloc. Côte d’Ivoire has set up an initial framework for an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with the EU. This agreement combines the benefits of a trade agreement with development assistance targeted at Côte d'Ivoire but its final goal remains to conclude a full EPA with all the members of the West African region.

WTO, 2012, Trade Policy Review (Guinea-Bissau, Côte d'Ivoire and Togo)

WTO, 2012, Tariff Profile (Côte d'Ivoire)

Standard Compliance and Other Relevant Import/Export Restrictions

Upon its accession to the WTO, Côte d’Ivoire undertook to comply with the requirements of the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) and Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement). With respect to SPS measures, the Ivorian regulatory framework for such measures appears to be outdated and fragmented. Côte d'Ivoire has not set up a risk management system for the purposes of SPS inspection at the customs cordon and its SPS certification system remains complicated, and not based on risk analysis. With respect to TBT measures, CODINORM coordinates the formulation and approval of Ivorian standards and provides certification services in Côte d'Ivoire. In principle, imports are treated in the same way as Ivorian products and must be accompanied by proof of their compliance with the technical regulations in force, issued by CODINORM. Nevertheless, there is neither control to ensure compliance with these regulations nor is the statutory time-frame for updating the standards and technical regulations being observed.

WTO, 2012, Trade Policy Review (Guinea-Bissau, Côte d'Ivoire and Togo)