Infrastructure

The World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report (2013) ranked Suriname 79th out of 148 with respect to the quality of overall infrastructure. Its performance in mobile telecommunications excels, being ranked 7th in the world. In Surinam, the number of mobile telephone subscription per 100 people is 182.9. However, the quality of railroad infrastructure (ranked 108th) and the quality of electricity supply (ranked 91st) are not favourable. Several constraints that hamper infrastructure sector competitiveness include: the tariff structure of electricity rates; the high cost and monopoly structure of telecommunication services; the air and shipping rates; the absence of a formal credit information sharing mechanism which remedies the credit constraints of SMEs. Being aware of the importance of improving infrastructure for export promotion, the government has aimed to develop the Port of Paramaribo, currently the largest port in the area, as a regional hub (IMF 2012). Suriname also participated in the regional infrastructure development strategy of CARICOM which addresses regional transportation in order to reduce distribution costs and improve the movement of food commodities across the region (CARICOM 2011).

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 4.12692167 79
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 4.040306775 71
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 1.656026611 108
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 4.92854123 43
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 3.871274352 104
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 3.782593514 99
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 182.8988627 7
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 15.53797913 80