Trade Policy and Market Access
In 2012, Haiti’s simple average MFN applied is 2.8 per cent, whereas it is more protective of its agricultural goods (with an MFN applied tariff of 6.0 per cent) than non-agricultural ones (2.3 per cent) (WTO 2013). Its simple average tariff is one of the lowest in the region of Latin America and Caribbean and the low income group. However, non-tariff barriers are still significant, yet trade liberalization has had considerable negative impact on the economy, as local products cannot compete with cheap imports under such a low tariff level. Haiti has been a WTO member since the year of 1996. At the regional level, Haiti became the member of the Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM) in 2002, and it applies the group’s Common External Tariff (CET). Bilaterally speaking, Haiti has been a receiver of 10-year preferential access to U.S. markets through special tariff exemptions under the Hemispheric Opportunity through Partnership Encouragement (HOPE II).Being part of the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM), Haiti is also the beneficiary of the CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA), which offers preferential access to the EU market.
2012, Tariff Profile (Haiti)
Standard Compliance and Other Relevant Import/Export Restrictions
Regarding its Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures, Haiti is adopting the international standard of CODEX Alimentarius. Its national enquiry point to WTO is the Ministry of Agricultural, Natural Resource and Rural Development (MARNDR). And its national enquiry point for technical barrier to trade (TBT) measures is the Ministry of Trade and Industry. There exist obligatory technical regulations for coffee, under the control of the Ministry of Trade and Industry, and for sanitary requirements, under the control of the Code d'hygiene (1954). The technical regulations are similar to international standards (for coffee) and to regional standards (for sanitary requirements). So far, Haiti has not issued any SPS nor TBT notification to the WTO.
accessed in 2014, TBT Information Management