Trade Facilitation

Description

According to the World Bank Logistics Performance Index (LPI) (2012) which measures countries’ trade logistics efficiency, Cameroon was ranked 106th out of 155 countries. The scores for infrastructure, logistics competence and international shipments are marginally behind the regional average scores of Sub-Saharan African countries, whereas customs, infrastructure, international shipments, tracking and tracing and timeliness perform better than those countries. Cameroon has reformed its customs administration including the adoption of the Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA++) in 2007, which was developed by UNCTAD to bring about customs reform, simplification of procedures and trade facilitation; this has improved Cameroon’s customs performance and has facilitated a rise up the ranks from 123rd in 2010 to 96th in 2012. The OECD also measures the performance of trade facilitation in Cameroon and highlighted that involvement of the trade community, advance rulings, automation, and governance and impartiality are notably better than the averages of Sub-Saharan African and lower middle income countries, whereas Cameroon’s performance for the simplification and harmonisation of documents and internal border agency co-operation are below the averages of those countries. According to the World Bank Doing Business Report (2013), exporting one standard container of goods requires 11 documents, takes 23 days and costs USD 1,379. Importing the same container of goods requires 11 documents, takes 25 days and costs USD 2,167 (OECD 2013; WTO 2013; World Bank 2012).

Logistics Performance Index (LPI): Country Comparison
Source: World Bank, Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

Note: World Bank, 2012

Logistics Performance Index – Evolution
Source: World Bank, Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

Note: World Bank, 2012