Infrastructure

The latest World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report ranked the quality of overall infrastructure of Cameroon 115th out of 148 countries. Among the categories analysed by this survey, quality of roads, mobile telephone subscriptions per 100 of the population and quality of electricity supply are particularly deficient. Also, at the multilateral level, there is a need to improve transport infrastructure. The Central African States Development Bank estimated that transport costs through the N’Djamena (Chad) and Douala (Cameroon) corridor are several times higher than the cost of shipping between Shanghai and Douala. According to the World Bank study (2010), high power costs are one of the key impediments to competitiveness and growth. A lack of reliable electricity is estimated to cost 5 per cent in lost revenues to firms and 2 per cent in lost GDP growth annually; however the situation is forecasted to improve in 2013 when the new Kribi power station comes on line. In order to alleviate critical infrastructure bottlenecks, large public infrastructure projects in ports, energy, roads, telecommunications, mining, and water supply have already been launched. In the telecommunication sector, the duopoly market structure and its strict licencing rules have led to a mobile market penetration rate below the African average; however, Cameroon’s third mobile licence was recently approved in June 2013, which should increase competition in the sector. Banking services in Cameroon remain dominated by a small number of private firms in partnership with the government, whilst overall foreign firms enjoy completely open access to the Cameroonian market (IMF 2011; World Bank 2010; WTO 2013).

Source: African Development Bank, 2013, Quarterly Thematic Review Central Africa

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 2.65 125
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.84 107
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.45 70
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 3.65 92
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 3.55 104
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 60.41 122
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 5.70 120
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 0.63 106