Business and Regulatory Environment


In Bangladesh, the state strongly intervenes in select sectors of strategic importance such as the ready-made garments industry. Apart from this, the majority of Bangladeshis are employed in the agricultural and informal sectors. The World Bank Doing Business Report (2013) downgraded Bangladesh from 132nd out of 185 to 130th out of 189 economies, staying below the regional average mainly due to difficulty in getting electricity, enforcing contracts and registering property. Bangladesh endures long power interruptions causing economic loss, estimated at over five per cent of annual GDP. Firms suffered, on average, 100.7 power outages in a typical month, whereas the South Asian regional average is 33.9. The situation is temporarily aggravated, as the government requires all customers to meet 7 per cent of their electricity needs through solar energy, making it necessary to install solar panels. Moreover, registration of a foreign investment project with the Board of Investment is currently only possible for investors in the manufacturing sectors. It takes nice procedures and approximately 55 days to set up a foreign owned subsidiary, which is longer than regional and global averages. Implementation of property rights is an especially acute issue in rural areas where patronage networks between landowners, policy and state bureaucrats make it difficult for peasant and minorities to assert their property right.

The Business Environment: Doing Business

Multilateral Trade Instruments


The Trade Treaties Map tool is a web-based system on multilateral trade treaties and instruments designed to assist trade support institutions (TSIs) and policymakers in optimizing their country's legal framework on international trade

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