Total population
(growth rates per annum)
18,314,441 in 2012 with growth rates of 3.3% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
15 in 2012
Female population 50.5% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 47.6% in 2008 ; 47.9% in 2012
Urban population 56.6% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) n.a in 2012
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 148 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme ( provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health 51
Education 148 out of 191 in 2012
Income level N.A.
Inequality 114 out of 191 in 2012
Poverty N.A
Gender N.A.
Sustainability N.A.