Countries / Territories


Dowload PDF

Country Brief

Afghanistan is a landlocked Least Developed Country (LDC) located in Southern Asia, North and West of Pakistan, East of Iran. Afghanistan's economy is recovering from decades of conflict and has seen a significant growth since 2001. Afghanistan has a narrow export base concentrated in few markets. Main export items are carpets & rugs and dried fruits. Main export partners include Pakistan, India and Iran. Petroleum, machinery and equipment, food items and base metals are main import items and main import partners are Pakistan, China, Japan, Russia and Iran. The country is undergoing the World Trade Organization (WTO) accession process.

Export potential

Notes: Top 20 products listed in decreasing order of their export potential to the world. Development indicators are relative to the country’s current situation, green indicating performance above its trade-weighted median and red otherwise. A blank cell indicates that data are not available. A blank cell in export potential means that the product was not consistently demanded over five years by any country in the respective region. Exports (US$ thousand) correspond to average exports to the world over the period 2009-2013.