People

Total population
(growth rates per annum)
22,762,525 in 2012 with growth rates of 2.6% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
29 in 2012
Female population 51.4% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 45.4% in 2008 ; 45.2% in 2012
Urban population 30.6% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) 59.6% in 2012
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 185 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme (http://hdr.undp.org) provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (49); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (89.7) in 2012
Education Education index - expected and mean years of schooling (rank) ( 187 out of 191) in 2012
Income level GNI per capita in PPP terms (constant 2005 international $) ( ) in 2012
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (125 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty Multidimensional Poverty Index (rank)( 7 out of 191) in 2012
Gender Gender inequality index (rank) (24 out of 191) in 2012
Sustainability Adjusted net savings (% of GNI) (n.a) in 2012