Business and Regulatory Environment


According to the World Bank Doing Business Indicators (2013), Cambodia is ranked 137th out of 189 economies regarding the ease of doing business. In respect to starting a business, resolving insolvency, dealing with construction permits and enforcing contracts, Cambodia has unfavorable performance. It remains time-consuming to start a business and to complete licensing requirements, while enforcing labor codes remains difficult. However, in comparison with performance in 2013, the country has made improvements in most indicators other than paying tax, enforcing contracts and resolving insolvency. For instance, Cambodia has improved its capacity in getting credit by establishing its first private credit bureau in 2013. In reference to the Investing Across Borders Indicators of the World Bank (2014), Cambodia is one of the most open countries to foreign investment in the East Asia and the Pacific region. The country has allowed foreign investment and ownership in most industries, with a few exceptions in port and airport operation, and the electricity transmission industry. Almost no discrimination against foreign investors exists, whether or not it is at the time of initial investment or after investment. There has been notable reform in the management of public finances, and the trade regime is more open and transparent. Nevertheless, corruption, property perpetration, tax evasion, the inefficient government bureaucracy, and the inability to enforce the law altogether impair the investment climate, and are reported to be the top problematic factors hindering foreigners from doing business in Cambodia (US Department of State 2013; WEF 2013).

The Business Environment: Doing Business

Multilateral Trade Instruments


The Trade Treaties Map tool is a web-based system on multilateral trade treaties and instruments designed to assist trade support institutions (TSIs) and policymakers in optimizing their country's legal framework on international trade

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