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FAQ Natural food and Products - Frequently Asked Questions - Organic Link - ITC(6)

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     Which international agreements and conventions are relevant for trade in natural products?

     Examples of international agreements and conventions, which are legally binding to signatory countries and relevant for trade in natural products, include the World Trade Organization agreements, the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). CITES has three lists or Appendices: Appendix I lists species, subspecies or populations in which trade is prohibited. Appendix II lists all those in which trade is regulated by requiring an export permit issued by the competent government authority in the exporting country. The permit must only be issued if the specimen was legally obtained and export will not be detrimental to the survival of the species. Regulated trade is allowed in these species. Appendix III contains species subject to regulation in individual countries, thus it covers species which are subject to trade controls from certain countries only. - More than 230 medicinal plant species are included in the CITES appendices. The appendices are available at Another relevant convention is the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). The IPPC is an international treaty to secure action to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and plant products, and to promote appropriate measures for their control. It is governed by the Interim Commission on Phytosanitary Measures, which adopts international standards for phytosanitary measures. In line with the convention, phytosanitary certificates must be issued when exporting living plants and parts thereof, including seeds, as well as plant products. Phytosanitary certificates are issued by the designated competent authorities in the export country. Information on the IPPC is available at