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Myanmar developed its National Export Strategy for 2015-2019 under the vision “Sustainable Export-led Growth and Prosperity for Emerging Myanmar”. The country sought to achieve five national strategic objectives for export development:
The NES’ vision and objectives were the result of extensive consultations held between the government, the private sector and other stakeholders.
The country decided to focus its strategy towards seven sectors of the economy and four priority cross-sector functions. This prioritization was based on the sectors’ capacity to contribute to export growth, socio-economic development goals and employment generation.
Myanmar’s NES for 2015-2019 concluded successfully, the country is currently designing a second National Export Strategy for 2025.
Afghanistan has an old and rich cultural history. It is the birth place of some of the world earliest settlements and formed integral parts of many of history’s greatest civilizations. However, since the mid-twentieth century standards of living have progressively declined due to political conflict, war, and civil unrest.
In 2014, the National Unity Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan took office and embarked a series of economic reforms designed to help the country emerge from a decades long cycle of poverty and war.
In 2017, ITC began working with the country to enable it to design a home-grown National Export Strategy with the funding support of the European Union. At the time, the Afghan government was facing pressure to improve living standards despite a deteriorating security situation. Export led-growth was identified as a critical mechanism to achieving the government’s long term aspirations.
In April 2018, Afghanistan’s High Economic Council, chaired by President Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, endorsed Afghanistan's National Export Strategy. The National Export Strategy is an essential roadmap which enables the government to encourage the establishment of a competitive export sector. Working in partnership with the private sector, the following vision for the National Export Strategy was chosen:“Peace through Prosperity, Prosperity through Trade”.
The vision serves as a beacon and a rallying call for the nation as it proceeds on the road to trade-led growth, development, and ultimately peace. The country intends to fulfill this ambitious vision through the following strategic objectives:
Following extensive consultations, with both public and private sector, prioritization was given to the following priority sectors and trade support functions:
Afghanistan’s NES is currently under implementation. NES activities receive support from the public and private sector, as well as development partners. ITC also assists the implementation of critical interventions identified during the design process, under the EU-funded Afghan Trade Initiative.
The Ministry of Industry and Commerce oversees and leads the implementation of the NES. You can find out more by visiting: https://moci.gov.af/all-trade.
If you would like to learn more about ITC's Trade Development Strategies, please contact us.
Enquiries should be directed to:
Chief, Trade Development Strategies Programme+41 (0)22 730-0588said[at]intracen.org
National Export Strategy - Myanmar
National Export Strategy - Sri Lanka