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Thematic collections

  • tourism ITC publications on tourism and trade


    environment ITC publications on environment and trade


    e-commerce ITC publications on e-commerce


    ITC publications on the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement ITC publications on the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement


    standard ITC publications on standards


    ntms itc pubs ITC publications on non-tariff measures


    ITC publications on women in trade icon ITC publications on women in trade


    ITC publications on regional trade icon ITC publications on regional trade


    ITC publications on the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

     WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – A Business Guide for Developing  Countries1 WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement – A Business Guide for Developing Countries

    This jargon-free guide explains the provisions with a focus on what businesses need to know. It also helps policy makers identify needs for technical assistance to implement and monitor it.

    Publication Date: 2013

    Available in: English, French, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic and Russian

     National Trade Facilitation Committees1 National Trade Facilitation Committees

    Developing countries can benefit from trade facilitation reforms by establishing a well-run National Trade Facilitation Committee.
    This guide gives developing countries a step-by-step approach to evaluate policy, organizational and funding options to create a detailed roadmap to set up National Trade Facilitation Committees – an obligation for countries implementing the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement. This is a joint guide by ITC, UNCTAD and UNECE, including UN/CEFACT.

    Publication Date: 2015

     SMEs and the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement1 SMEs and the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement

    Businesses extend their reach by understanding how to make the most of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement.
    This guide enables businesses to make border clearance faster, simpler and cheaper; resolve customs disputes fairly; obtain information on regulations and customs procedures easily; and become trusted partners of government in implementing and monitoring trade facilitation reforms. As a training manual, it has clear descriptions and practical exercises.

    Publication date: 2015

     Making the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement Work for SMEs1 Making the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement Work for SMEs

    This joint UNESCAP-ITC report advocates mainstreaming trade facilitation in development strategies for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
    It highlights the potential for SME centres to share information on trade procedures, organize trade facilitation consultations and provide other services to help SMEs take advantage of this agreement. The report contains relevant provisions for SMEs, and suggestions for implementation.

    Publication date: 2016

    More ITC publications that facilitate trade across borders 

     

    Many ITC publications touch on trade facilitation-related issues. Among them are publications providing practical legal advice, insights on what businesses perceive as regulatory and procedural obstacles to trade, and challenges to e-commerce businesses in cross-border delivery.

    Legal advice

     Settling Business Disputes: Arbitration and Alternative Dispute Resolution Settling Business Disputes: Arbitration and Alternative Dispute Resolution

    By integrating mediation and arbitration clauses into their international contracts, small firms can better protect themselves.
    Small firms venture into new markets with different languages, cultures and legal systems. This overview of traditional and alternative dispute resolution options has cases targeted to SMEs in developing countries. ITC welcomes partnerships to further translate and reprint this information locally.

    Publication Date: 2016

    Available in: English, French, Spanish

     

     Model Contracts for Small Firms1 Model Contracts for Small Firms

    Most small firms do not have access to the legal advice they need when it comes to trading with all corners of the world.
    To meet this challenge, trade lawyers around the world worked pro-bono to create these model contracts that address the sophistication of international trade transactions, internationally recognized standards and best practices, and still make things as simple as they can be in a global context.

    Publication Date: 2011
    Available in English, French and Spanish

    Non-tariff measures, standards

     SME Competitiveness Outlook: Meeting the Standard for Trade SME Competitiveness Outlook: Meeting the Standard for Trade

    Standards and regulations have a major impact on SME competitiveness.
    In analysing how SMEs can meet the standard for trade, the report touches on important trade facilitation topics, such as how procedural obstacles affect women, improving coordination at the border, insights on the WTO Trade Facilitation agreement, the value of public-private dialogue and more. It has business views on procedural and regulatory trade obstacles for 35 developing countries..

    Publication Date: 2016

     The Invisible Barriers to Trade – How Businesses Experience Non-Tariff      Measures The Invisible Barriers to Trade – How Businesses Experience Non-Tariff Measures

    Small firms in the world’s poorest countries are hit hardest by non-tariff measures (NTMs), according to this ITC study on how businesses experience NTMs in 23 developing countries.These invisible barriers to trade are mostly a combination of conformity and pre-shipment requirements requested abroad, and weak inspection or certification procedures at home.

    Publication Date: 2015

     Navigating Non-Tariff Measures: Insights From A Business Survey in the European Union5 Navigating Non-Tariff Measures: Insights From A Business Survey in the European Union

    European exporters have similar experiences with non-tariff measures (NTMs) as developing countries, especially for procedures related to technical regulations, conformity assessment and rules of origin. An ITC-European Commission survey reveals that more than a third of European exporters encounter burdensome NTMs.

    Publication Date: 2016

    E-commerce: international delivery

     Bringing SMEs onto the e-Commerce Highway Bringing SMEs onto the e-Commerce Highway

    This report is a starting point for public-private dialogue to address e-commerce bottlenecks, especially for small firms in developing countries.
    Small firms face policy challenges in four processes typical to all e-commerce: establishing online business, international e-payment, international delivery and aftersales. The report provides policy guidance checklists and case studies from e- commerce entrepreneurs in developing countries.

    Publication Date: 2016

    ITC publications on women in trade

     Publications on Women in Trade1 Unlocking Markets for Women to Trade

    This report charts a roadmap to boost women's participation in trade. It shows where women-owned businesses are present and explains cultural and regulatory barriers. It gives ways to facilitate access to finance, market information and networks. It outlines a roadmap for action, based on better data, trade policy, corporate and public procurement initiatives, a better business environment, financial services and ownership rights.

    Publication Date: 2015

    Available in: English, French, Spanish

     Cover Empowering Women through Public Procurement Empowering Women through Public Procurement

    Government procurement offers a unique route to empower women in business. Public procurement accounts for over 30% of GDP in developing countries and some 10%–15% of GDP in developed countries. Women-owned businesses have been largely excluded from this sizable market due to lack of access to information on bids, understanding of procedures and ability to meet requirements. This publication guides governments through the procurement process and capacity building to increase sourcing from women vendors.

    Publication Date: 2014

    Available in: English, French, Spanish, Arabic

     Cover Microfinance in East Africa: Schemes for Women in the Coffee Sector Microfinance in East Africa: Schemes for Women in the Coffee Sector

    This report explains microfinance for women engaged in the coffee sector in East Africa. It presents the key players and offers suggestions to expand access to microfinance.

    Publication date: 2011

     

     Cover Women in Cotton: Results of a Global Survey Women in Cotton: Results of a Global Survey

    This report outlines women’s roles in cotton production in Africa, Asia and Latin America. It compares women’s participation in the total workforce in these regions and suggests how to improve competitiveness by re-evaluating the roles of women.

    Publication date: 2011

    ITC publications on regional trade 

    Many ITC publications provide advice on how to make regional trade happen. They discuss how to bring the business voice in key trade policy areas, present regional and intra-regional market data and analysis, and provide concrete advice on service industry coalitions, geographical indications and regional trade strategies.

     

    Business in trade policy

     Services in COMESA cover Services in COMESA – An Industry Perspective

    A regional services industries group can help boost trade in services in the COMESA region, as this joint ITC-COMESA Business Council report shows. Services account for over 50% of GDP for most COMESA countries. Services industries can work across borders to counter common challenges of size, funding and know-how. The report has regional data for tourism, transport, finance and telecommunications; ‘services snapshots’ for each COMESA country; and a roadmap to promote regional trade in services.

    Publication date: 2016
     Making regional integration work cover Making regional integration work – Company perspectives on non-tariff measures in Arab States

    Intraregional trade among Arab States is low compared with other regions. This publication offers insights into trade challenges and suggests how to address them. It shares company perspectives of exporters captured through ITC business surveys ITC in Egypt, Morocco, the State of Palestine and Tunisia. This is the first report to examine country surveys in a regional context.

    Publication date: 2015

     Mobilizing Business for a new APEC Services Agenda cover Mobilizing Business for a New APEC Services Agenda

    TAsia-Pacific businesses call for services business groupings to join forces in a regional coalition, to shape a new APEC services agenda. Services represent 39% of APEC value-added trade – double the figures traditionally cited in balance of payments data. High-level businesses in the region consequently ask for twice the attention it received in the past. This report maps services organizations in the region.

    Publication date: 2014

     EC-CARIFORUM cover EC-CARIFORUM Economic Partnership Agreement: Services and Investment Commitments

    The EC-CARIFORUM Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) created business opportunities in services sectors and other investment opportunities. This guide looks at opportunities for Caribbean enterprises in Europe, as well as openings for European businesses in 13 Caribbean markets.

    Publication date: 2011

     Africa's Trade Potential cover Africa’s Trade Potential: Export Opportunities in Growth Markets

    Sub-Saharan Africa can boost annual GDP by $15 billion if customs clearance time is cut by 50%, and another $20 billion with better transport infrastructure. This report recommends that sub-Saharan African countries focus on Asian and African markets. They should integrate more deeply into value-chains, to increase the share of semi-processed and processed goods. The report also recommends investing in trade-related infrastructure and trade facilitation within Africa, as well as with Asia.

    Publication date: 2012

    Market analysis for intraregional growth

     African Caribbean and Pacific Trade cover African, Caribbean and Pacific Trade – Prospects for Stronger Performance and Cooperation

    Deeper regional integration goes hand-in-hand with stronger processing industries and more international small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Trade integration within and among African, Caribbean and Pacific Island groups are measured in this study. Regions with the fastest trade integration over the last decade offer neighbours the best access to their markets. They benefited from higher growth, more SME participation in trade and faster development.

    Publication date: 2014
     Commonwealth Trade cover Commonwealth Trade: Prospects for Stronger Cooperation

    Enhanced economic cooperation among Commonwealth states could boost trade integration, despite differences in geographic location and development. Using trade statistics to assess export performance of Commonwealth members, and taking into account different development levels and business climates, the report identifies policy options for stronger cooperation.

    Publication date: 2013

     Improving Africa's Cotton Value Chain for Asian Markets cover Improving Africa’s Cotton Value Chain for Asian Markets

    Stronger ties between African cotton producers/ginners and Asian buyers can improve the market positioning of African cotton. This study examines African challenges to improve along the value chain to meet Asia’s growing demand. It recommends what can be done to develop partnerships between African cotton producers and ginners and cotton consuming spinning mills in export markets in Asia.

    Publication date: 2013

    LDC-specific

     Making the most of the LDC Services waiver cover Making the Most of the LDC Services Waiver

    Benefitting from the LDC services waiver depends on taking 10 key actions. The guide outlines how ITC can work with LDCs to benefit from this new preferential access opportunity.

    Publication date: 2015

     

     LDC Services Exports cover LDC Services Exports: Trends and Success Stories

    LDC services exports are growing twice as fast as the world average; the LDC share in world services exports is increasing. But services still account for only 10% of LDC exports. The business success stories in the study (from Bangladesh, Cambodia, Rwanda, Senegal, Uganda and Vanuatu) provide insights into what factors drive success, and what more might be done to enhance LDC services competitiveness.

    Publication date: 2013

     LDCs and Global Value Chains cover LDCs and Global Value Chains: Using Aid for Trade to Seize New Opportunities

    Global value chains are key for LDCs to increase their share in global trade. Investment in Aid for Trade delivers significant returns, according to new evidence in this report. The world’s poorest countries have seen 12% annual growth in export revenue since the mid-1990s. Participation in global value chains has been a driving factor. Aid for Trade has been proven effective in countries with supportive policy and managerial environments, and can help LDCs tap into global value chains.

    Publication date: 2013

     

    Related topics

     Guide to Geographical Indications cover Guide to Geographical Indications

    With only 10% of the world’s protected geographical indications coming from developing countries, there is great potential to use this tool to reduce poverty through trade. This is the first book targeted to the business sector in developing countries on this topic. It draws from eight case studies and 200 published reports to provide valuable insights on how to set up and monitor geographical indications, share costs and benefits, and interpret legal frameworks.

    Publication date: 2009
     Creating Coalitions of Services Industries cover Creating Coalitions of Services Industries

    To educate policymakers about obstacles specific to trade in services, this guide is for firms, associations and trade institutions who wish to join forces through coalitions. Trade policies should reflect the voice of services firms in order to maximize growth opportunities. This guide analyses 26 services coalitions in order to outline the purpose, structure, financing, advocacy topics, and benefits to members.

    Publication date: 2014

     

     Sustaining Coalitions of Services Industries cover Sustaining Coalitions of Services Industries

    Funding, government relations and outreach are critical to sustain coalitions of services industries. Best practices to sustain and grow such coalitions highlight the need to attract and retain members. Trade and investment support institutions, government ministries, business associations and chambers of commerce will find the guide useful to develop membership drives and public-private partnerships. The second in a series, the guide complements the publication Creating Coalitions of Service Industries.

    Publication date: 2015

     

     


    ITC publications on e-commerce

    Several International Trade Centre (ITC) publications provide insights that help small and medium-sized firms make the most of e-commerce.

     ecom in china.jpg E-commerce in China: Opportunities for Asian firms

    This joint ITC-Alibaba publication reviews e-commerce development in China and what is needed for foreign firms to enter the market.

    Rapid growth in this area offers significant potential for neighbouring countires, especially small businesses in Asia, to increase their trade with China.

    Publication Date: 2016

     

     smes highway.jpg Bringing SMEs onto the e-commerce highway

    This report is a starting point for public-private dialogue to address e-commerce bottlenecks, especially for small firms in developing countries.

    Policy challenges affect small firms in four processes common to all: establishing online business; international e-payment; international delivery; and aftersales. Policy guidance checklists and case studies from e-commerce entrepreneurs in developing countries are included.

    Publication Date: 2016

     ecom in africa.jpg International e-commerce in Africa: The way forward

    African enterprises can be successful in international e-commerce, if they are supported to address financial, infrastructure and socio-political barriers.

    This report outlines common concerns of African small and medium-sized business owners, based on surveys, interviews and literature reviews. The report recommends public-private sector initiatives, institutional and corporate capacity building, shared structures and technology, and improved access to transport and logistics.

    Publication date: 2015

     trade secrets Secrets of electronic commerce: A guide for small and medium-sized enterprises (2nd edition)

    This book provides e-commerce advice for small businesses in a question-and-answer format. Evergreen topics include financial aspects, legal issues, trust, online marketing techniques, market research and more.

    Publication date: 2009


    ITC publications on Environment and trade

    Global concern about environmental issues is driving a growing global market for environmental goods and services and sustainably-sourced products. This market contributes to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals through delivering both improved environmental quality and livelihood benefits for the poor in developing countries.

    ITC offers a range of information on trade and environment issues through numerous publications on topics that touch on highly relevant issues such as climate change, sustainability standards and sustainable sourcing, wildlife, and environmental services, among others.

    Biodiversity

     Demand in Viet Nam for rhinoceros horn used in traditional medicine Demand in Viet Nam for rhinoceros horn used in traditional medicine

    The rhinoceros face the risk of extinction in the wild if current poaching rates continue. Viet Nam uses horn as an ingredient in Traditional Asian Medicine (TAM).

    An ITC survey of 1000 consumers of TAM found they preferred rhino horn that is sourced in the wild, in a non-lethal way. While media campaigns and stiffer enforcement measures would reduce consumption, there is likely to remain a small hard core of users (30%).

    Publication Date: 2017

     

     Trade in Python Skins: Impact on Livelihoods in Viet Nam/ Peninsular Malaysia Trade in Python Skins: Impact on Livelihoods in Viet Nam/Peninsular Malaysia

    Trade in biodiversity generates income for some of the world’s poorest people, while also contributing to wildlife conservation.

    Two reports on python skin exports in Peninsular Malaysia and Viet Nam outline how this trade from wild-harvested and captive-bred sources creates employment and reduces poverty. The report provides relevant data and identifies capacity-building initiatives to support export development.

    Publication Date: 2016

     Trade in Quinoa: Impact on the Welfare of Peruvian Communities Trade in Quinoa: Impact on the Welfare of Peruvian Communities

    Buying quinoa contributes to better livelihoods for rural Peruvian communities, according to this study.

    It provides data on the impact of changing market prices on the welfare of rural households in the altiplano of Peru. The findings inform policymakers about the benefits of the trade and challenges facing smallholders, following conflicting media reports on the impact of higher quinoa prices.

    Publication date: 2016

      The Trade in Wildlife – A framework to improve biodiversity and livelihood outcomes The Trade in Wildlife – A framework to improve biodiversity and livelihood outcomes

    Amid global concern about biodiversity loss and the surge in illegal trade of threatened species, international policy has turned its attention to trade restrictions, enforcement measures and demand-reduction strategies.

    This analytical framework recommends that policy decisions should balance factors related to the species and its habitat; governance and institutional settings; supply-chain structure; and markets.

    Publication date: 2015

    Markets for agricultural and natural products

     Sustainable Sourcing: Markets for Certified Chinese Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Sustainable Sourcing: Markets for Certified Chinese Medicinal and Aromatic Plants

    Looking at the global market for sustainably wild-collected botanical ingredients from China, this study promotes recognition and implementation of sustainable wild-collection standards and certification schemes in China.

    It also examines exports of wild-collected and cultivated botanical, algal and fungal ingredients and market segments.

    Publication Date: 2016

     

     Market analysis for three Peruvian natural ingredients Market analysis for three Peruvian natural ingredients

    Peruvian producers and exporters find in this study an overview of the market potential in the United States and Canada for three natural ingredients that are essential for biodiversity: golden berry, Peruvian mesquite and sacha inchi.

    The study provides market, regulatory and technical requirements; contact details for finished-product companies that use Peruvian natural ingredients; and recommendations for Peruvian producers to produce with consistent quality.

    Publication Date: 2013

     The North American Market for Natural Products: Prospects for Andean and African Products The North American Market for Natural Products: Prospects for Andean and African Products

    This paper provides key information about the North American natural products market with a special focus on selected South American and African products.

    It includes a description of products, prices and distribution channels, as well as requirements for access in terms of regulations, standards, product presentation and application forms.

    Publication date: 2012

     Labelling of Natural Products: The United States Market Labelling of Natural Products: The United States Market

    This paper provides easy-to-follow guidance on the basic labelling requirements for finished natural product and sustainability certification.

    It includes in-depth guidance on labelling requirements for all categories of natural products, namely cosmetics, herbal dietary supplements, health food, and herbal drugs.

    Publication date: 2012

     Claim Statements for Natural Products: The United States Market Claim Statements for Natural Products: The United States Market

    This paper describes the types of claim statements permissible for dietary supplements and health food products, non-food cosmetic products, and over-the-counter drug products marketed in the United States.

    It provides examples of acceptable and non-acceptable claims for a range of Peruvian exported natural products as well as links to the relevant regulations and guidance documents.

    Publication date: 2012

     Organic food products in China: Market overview Organic food products in China: Market overview

    This publication provides guidance to developing country exporters – mainly from Africa – on accessing new and emerging country markets, such as China.

    It provides an initial overview of the Chinese market for organic products, as well as inputs for an initial proactive marketing strategy and preparation of the exporter’s sales visit.

    Publication date: 2011

    Environmental services

     Services in Global Value Chains: Solar Panel Manufacturing in China Services in Global Value Chains: Solar Panel Manufacturing in China

    This case study of a Chinese solar panel producer investigates the role of services in manufacturing value chains, and highlights the effect of government policies on photovoltaic industry development and international trade flows.

    The case illustrates how both domestic and foreign government policies can impact solar panel manufacturing and export.

    Publication Date: 2014

     

     Trade in Environmental Goods and Services: Opportunities and Challenges Trade in Environmental Goods and Services: Opportunities and Challenges

    Understanding the global demand for environmental goods and services can unlock new export opportunities for small firms in developing country.

    This study provides a market overview of this complex sector, which is expected to rise to $1.9 trillion by 2020. Providing practical tips for small businesses, it has the latest information on moves to reduce both tariff and non-tariff barriers to environmental goods, and harmonize standard lists for environmental goods and services.

    Publication Date: 2014

    Climate change

     Environmental Mainstreaming: A Guide for Project Managers Environmental Mainstreaming: A Guide for Project Managers

    This guide provides project managers with tools to assess environmental considerations in project planning and implementation, in order to mitigate risks, enhance resilience and seize opportunities to expand trade in sustainable goods and services.

    Publication Date: 2016

     

     Climate Change and the Agri-Food Trade Climate Change and the Agri-Food Trade

    Climate change is reducing the competitiveness of agricultural exports from developing countries.

    Agri-food exporters in Peru and Uganda call on their governments to integrate climate change into long-term, sector-specific policies and investment strategies. The study recommends an international climate platform to share best practices; targeted training; sustainable certification; and financing for sustainable practices.

    Publication Date: 2015

     Mitigating Climate Change in Tea Sector Mitigating Climate Change in Tea Sector

    This is a first training guide that helps tea farmers and factories lower their emissions and reduce energy costs.

    Created with the Ethical Tea Partnership, the Rainforest Alliance and FLOCERT using a Kenya Tea Development Agency factory as a pilot case, this report shows that climate change is having an impact on tea quantity and quality. It outlines options for tea factory managers and farm extension officers and outlines carbon footprint measurement.

    Publication date: 2014

     Product Carbon Footprinting Standards in the Agri-Food Sector Product Carbon Footprinting Standards in the Agri-Food Sector

    This paper aims to guide exporters of agricultural products through the process of product carbon footprinting.

    It presents a typology of PCF schemes and initiatives, the different steps involved in calculating a PCF, the main challenges in relation to methodology, data and uncertainty, issues particularly relevant to developing countries, and an overview of potential mitigation measures.

    Publication date: 2012

     Cotton and Climate Change: Impacts and options to mitigate and adapt Cotton and Climate Change: Impacts and options to mitigate and adapt

    Cotton production is both a contributor to and a ‘victim’ of climate change.

    This report summarizes the impact of cotton production and consumption on climate change and the options and incentives for reducing emissions. It also examines the impact of climate change on cotton production and the options for adaptation.

    Publication date: 2011

     Climate Change and the Coffee Industry Climate Change and the Coffee Industry

    This paper focuses on the effect of climate change on global coffee production, with particular reference to small coffee producers in developing and least developed countries.

    It highlights the effects of climate change on quality, yield, pests and diseases, and irrigation; considers potential areas of intervention, and looks at short-term solutions and long-term strategies to better prepare coffee producers with initiatives to reduce product carbon footprint.

    Publication date: 2010

    Sustainable sourcing

     Social and Environmental Standards: Contributing to More Sustainable Value Chains Social and Environmental Standards: Contributing to More Sustainable Value Chains

    This joint ITC-European University Institute report aims to uncover what makes standards more accessible to producers.

    The institutional design of standards and their governance structure can make standards more accessible through cost sharing, assistance and transparency. It shows how country-level characteristics affect the number of standards available and provides guidance for policymakers on how to support the integration of small businesses into sustainable value chains.

    Publication Date: 2016

     

     The State of Sustainable Markets: Statistics and Emerging Trends 2015 The State of Sustainable Markets: Statistics and Emerging Trends 2015

    This first global data report on fast-growing voluntary sustainability standards outlines the share of bananas, cocoa, coffee, cotton, forestry, palm oil, soybeans, cane sugar and tea in 14 major standards.

    The publication is based on a partnership with the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL) and the International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD) and offers a structured way to formalize the reporting process with a view to making data on sustainable markets more accessible to all users.

    Publication Date: 2016


    ITC publications on tourism and trade

    International tourism accounts for roughly 30% of global trade in services. For many developing countries, it constitutes the single largest foreign exchange earner. Tourism has linkages into many other parts of the economy, contributing to job creation and poverty reduction. It is estimated that one out of every eleven jobs worldwide is directly or indirectly interlinked to tourism.

    ITC’s specific competence lies in its trade orientation and its mandate to work with the private sector, especially internationalizing small businesses.

     

     

     Tourism for Sustainable Development in Least Developed Countries Tourism for Sustainable Development in Least Developed Countries

    Tourism is a key trade development sector for many LDCs – as highlighted in 45 of 48 Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies analysed for this joint UNWTO-ITC-EIF report.

    A must-read for the development community in this International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development, the report provides guidance on how to design trade-related technical assistance for the tourism sector. It focuses on trade policies that promote prosperity for people and the planet, and contribute to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development..

    Publication Date: 2017

     

     Tourism and Trade: A Global Agenda for Sustainable Development Tourism and Trade: A Global Agenda for Sustainable Development

    Tourism's huge potential for job growth and sustainable development justifies a greater share of aid and coordinated export strategies, outlined in this joint 
ITC-UNWTO report.

    To reach its potential, tourism requires strong, coordinated action around tourism export strategies that address different frameworks governing the flows of travellers, services, goods and foreign direct investment. The report illustrates trade, investment and visa policies from the perspectives of the tourist journey and the tourism value chain.

    Publication Date: 2015

     

     Inclusive Tourism: Linking the Handicraft Sector to Tourism Markets Inclusive Tourism: Linking the Handicraft Sector to Tourism Markets

    With tourism as one of the top five sectors for 83% of developing countries, sustainable links between the handicraft sector and tourism are an important avenue for development.

    This training guide analyses the tourism-related handicraft value chain so that producers can improve design, quality, cost, quantity and promotion through associations and social media channels.

    Publication Date: 2015

     Medical and Wellness Tourism: Lessons from Asia Medical and Wellness Tourism: Lessons from Asia

    With health tourism on the rise, this study draws upon four Asian countries to offer insight into how developing countries can attract a greater share in this industry.

    The study is relevant for all countries exploring market opportunities in medical and wellness tourism, with a global industry overview, country case studies and a summary of ITC assistance for market entry.

    Publication date: 2014

     Inclusive Tourism: Building Local Capacity for the Tourism Job Market Inclusive Tourism: Building Local Capacity for the Tourism Job Market

    This training module is intended for trainers in developing countries training employees in the area of hotel and hospitality management.

    It covers hospitality products and services and allows trainers to transfer their knowledge and monitor employees to improve skills and effectiveness.

    Publication date: 2012

     Inclusive Tourism: Linking Agriculture to Tourism Markets Inclusive Tourism: Linking Agriculture to Tourism Markets

    This training module focuses on linkages that can be created between poor farmers and the tourism sector, with prospective costs and benefits.

    It covers accessing tourism markets and identifying the needs of buyers; selling products to tourism businesses; understanding the agricultural supply chain to tourism market; identifying potential constraints to the business; learning from the experiences and challenges of producers; and presents the ITC poverty reduction programme in Berimbau, Brazil, as a case study.

    Publication date: 2012

     Inclusive Tourism: Linking Artists to Tourism Markets Inclusive Tourism: Linking Artists to Tourism Markets

    This training module promotes local creative industries in developing countries through the tourism value chain, with a view to poverty reduction.

    It presents a framework to support local artists via the tourism sector; addresses the key aspects to be considered by the supply side (artists and their representatives), within this framework, and addresses the corresponding issues of the demand side (the tourism sector).

    Publication date: 2012

     Inclusive Tourism: Linking Business Sectors to Tourism Markets Inclusive Tourism: Linking Business Sectors to Tourism Markets

    This training module provides professionals in the tourism sector with skills to expand opportunities for enhancing local community involvement in this sector.

    It discusses potential involvement of local people and ways to expand the tourism supply chains with respect to socially and environmentally sustainable practices and deals with the linkages that can be created between local people and the tourism sector, and the potential costs and benefits.

    Publication date: 2012

     Inclusive Tourism: Environmental Management and Climate Change Inclusive Tourism: Environmental Management and Climate Change

    This training guide focuses on how to manage tourism developments in terms of the environment, especially in the context of climate change and global warming.

    It provides advice and guidance on the implementation of Sustainable Environmental Management, which comprises a set of management processes and procedures allowing tourism ventures to operate in environmentally sound ways, and to analyse and reduce the environmental impact of their activities.

    Publication date: 2011

     Inclusive Tourism: Opportunity Study Guidelines Inclusive Tourism: Opportunity Study Guidelines

     

    This study explains how to identify viable projects adapted to tourism supply chains to promote poverty reduction.

    It provides guidelines structured around three phases: the diagnosis of the current situation; project opportunities, prioritization and feasibility; and the development of a work plan.

    Publication date: 2011

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