En este número de Forum de Comercio Internacional abordamos la necesidad que tienen los exportadores de países en desarollo de cumplir con las normas internacionales, prerequisito para entrar en nuevos mercados, ya sean del Norte o del Sur. El ITC considera que esa es una parte fundamentalmente importante de la competitividad de las exportaciones, por lo cual, invertimos en capacitar a pequeñas y medianas empresas en la materia.
Exporters from developing countries are increasingly feeling the pressure to conform to international standards if they are to enter successfully developed country markets.
Gap Inc. is one of the world's largest clothing retailers. It is also an industry leader in ethical sourcing and supply chain management through a social responsibility programme that advocates human rights as an essential component of quality and standards management.
In East Africa, an ITC Ethical Fashion project is demonstrating that international quality and standards can be met, even in the most remote and impoverished communities.
With the emergence of new markets in the South, Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International's standards are adapting to become more than a doorway to export markets in the North.With the continuing shift in economic activity from developed to developing countries, the trend towards consumer growth in emerging markets requires transnational corporations to rethink the way they do business in the South. Fairtrade Labelling Organizations (FLO) International sees these global changes as an opportunity to introduce its international social certification system to consumer markets in the South.
Many developing countries are ill equipped to take advantage of the opportunities provided by trade. Weak infrastructure, lack of capacity and the inability to meet technical product specifications and stringent requirements in terms of quality, safety, health and the environment impede their integration into global markets.
Despite the potential for trade in food and agricultural products to generate economic growth and reduce poverty in developing countries, meeting food safety, animal and plant health requirements remains a challenge for farmers, processors and government agencies in some countries.
As global supply chains continue to grow, the international accreditation network, underpinned by internationally agreed standards, plays an essential role in the support of competitive markets and cross-border trade. This is increasingly important as businesses seek to lower costs or satisfy contract terms while maintaining a level of confidence that products are technically compatible, to specification and safe.
Although import duties on many agricultural products have been dropped or waived as part of preferential trading agreements, farmers in developing countries are facing new challenges to selling their products around the world. Technical requirements, particularly for the hygiene and safety of products, have become one of the greatest barriers to trade for many producers.
With biofuels becoming more prominent on the global market, production is being expanded in Brazil, Asia and Africa. This expansion has environmental groups concerned that sugar cane's environmental impact outweighs the economic and social benefits.
Recognition of the need for more ethically responsible business practices has seen the emergence of a strong global movement to embrace and promote the concept of social responsibility (SR).
International trade in electrical and electronic products is becoming increasingly competitive. As technologies evolve rapidly, safety, reliability and performance must keep pace. This is equally true for companies in industrialized and industrializing countries.
The importance of voluntary standards has grown in recent years, contributing to higher growth rates in international trade, especially in agricultural products, than achieved in many more traditional markets. The advantages of complying with particular standards need to be carefully assessed to see whether significant gains are obtainable.
Pre-packaged commodities are estimated to account for more than 75% of the total value of traded commodities worldwide. However, exports of many pre-packaged consumer products from developing countries are often hampered by lengthy border control procedures or even rejected, due to non-conformity to indicated quantity of product.1
A three-year ITC survey across 30 countries is seeking to identify and understand the major obstacles to trade faced by export businesses in meeting non-tariff measures (NTMs) and technical regulations.
Quality is a prerequisite for successful market access and increasing revenues from export, but meeting technical requirements in the international marketplace is a challenge for many exporters.
ITC to assist African Export Standards and QualityITC recently announced a partnership with African trade officials to improve the standard and quality of local small and medium-sized enterprises.
Resources on Quality and StandardsUnderstanding the increasing complexity of technical requirements in export markets is a prerequisite for successful trade. ITC's guidebooks and publications seek to support exporters in their work by providing them with easy-to-understand, relevant information on standards, WTO agreements and technical requirements.