People

Total population
(growth rates per annum)
3,358,115 in 2012 with growth rates of -2.9% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
54 in 2012
Female population 53.7% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 15.1% in 2008 ; 15.6% in 2012
Urban population 66.9% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) 0.2% in 2012
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 41 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme (http://hdr.undp.org) provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (74); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (5.4) in 2012
Education Education index - expected and mean years of schooling (rank) ( 27 out of 191) in 2012
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (33 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty n.a
Gender Gender inequality index (rank) (121 out of 191) in 2012
Sustainability n.a