People

Total population
(growth rates per annum)
151,208,080 in 2012 with growth rates of 2.8% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
166 in 2012
Female population 49.2% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 44.2% in 2008 ; 43.8% in 2012
Urban population 47.7% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) NA
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 153 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme (http://hdr.undp.org) provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (52); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (123.7) in 2012
Education Education index - expected and mean years of schooling (rank) ( 142 out of 191) in 2012
Income level NA
Inequality Inequality-adjusted HDI (rank) (119 out of 191)in 2012
Poverty Multidimensional Poverty Index (rank)( 25 out of 191) in 2012
Gender NA
Sustainability NA