People

Total population
(growth rates per annum)
618,649 in 2012 with growth rates of 0.1% p.a during 2008-2012
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
46 in 2012
Female population 50.7% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 19.0% in 2008 ; 19.8% in 2012
Urban population 62.7% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) 0.1% in 2012
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 52 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme (http://hdr.undp.org) provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (75); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (5.9) in 2012
Education 46 in 2012
Income level 50.7% in 2012
Inequality 19.0% in 2008 ; 19.8% in 2012
Poverty 62.7% in 2012
Gender 0.1% in 2012
Sustainability 52 out of 186 in 2012