Infrastructure

The WEF Global Competitiveness Report (2013) ranked Tanzania’s overall infrastructure 124th out of 148 countries. The quality of port infrastructure and quality of electricity supply were found to be problematic. Tanzanian ports are owned by the state. There are 63 ports, 9 along the coast of Indian Ocean and 54 on internal lakes, of which 4 major ports are those of Dar es Salaam, Tanga, Mtwara and Zanzibar. Dar es Salaam is an important port in East Africa that provides gateway for Tanzania’s landlocked neighbours and handles over 90 per cent of Tanzania’s international trade. In spite of having the major port, Tanzania lacks in port infrastructure as compared to its neighbouring sea bordering countries like Kenya, hence the government is undergoing projects to increase private sector participation and in effect efficiency by allowing competition in provision of services. Tanzania’s quality of electric supply has been ranked fairly low mainly because the power sector remains vulnerable to hydraulic conditions. Considering that hydro power is the main source of electricity in Tanzania, there is a need to expand and diversify generation capacity. However, Tanzania is one of the better African performers on institutional reform in the road sector. The country is among the few whose road funds meet the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program’s seven criteria for road design. However, the fuel levy collection has been a major issue for Tanzania’s Road Fund. It is notable that Tanzania has the fourth-largest air transport domestic market in Sub-Saharan Africa, in part due to its immense tourism attraction.

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 3.4053117836 111
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 3.0401992328 106
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 1.531519718 110
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 3.4141963311 114
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 3.5813136033 107
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 2.4622580459 126
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 45.917850597 139
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 0.88418686551 131