Western and Central Africa
Eastern and Southern Africa
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Sunday, 01 Feb. 2015
According to the Indian Agricultural and Processed Food
Products Export Development Authority - APEDA, groundnut exports hit a record
of 832,617 tons worth 1,094 millions US$ in 2011/12, which was considered an
exceptional year. They have been falling consistently afterwards, down to
509,665 tons worth US$526 millions in 2013/14.
Although the exports jumped by over per cent to 261,025 tons,
worth US$270.9 million in the first half of the current financial year (as
compared to 189,952 tons worth US$221 million in the corresponding period of
last year), the total annual exports may be lower than in 2013/14 due to
bumper groundnut production in 2013/14, the failure to procure groundnuts at
Minimum Support Price and the delayed onset of the monsoon in Gujarat - the
largest Indian groundnut producing state, forced farmers to shift to cotton and
other crops. As a result, Gujarat's kharif groundnut production in 2014/15 is
expected to not exceed 1.44 million tons, down 42 per cent from last year (2.5
The global Indian area planted with
groundnuts this financial year is estimated at 3.72 million ha, nearly 4 per
cent less than in 2013/14 (4.32 million ha). The national kharif groundnut
output is expected to reach only 3.57 million tons, which is 24 per cent less
than past year's level of 4.71 million tons.
Federal Ministry of Agriculture released its first advanced estimate of
groundnut output at 5.02 million tons in the on-going kharif harvesting season,
as compared to last year's estimate of 5.6 million tons for the corresponding
period. The total groundnut output in 2014/15 was estimated at 7.8 million
tons. Groundnut exports might be lower this year due to the falling output.
A Caryedon serratus (Olivier bug) infestation damaged the quality
of several groundnut export shipments and is worrying the trade. Caryedon
serratus infestations occur with high moisture on premature harvesting and
improper handling and storage. Control and treatment are typically done through
fumigation with methyl bromide.
Last year, 35 containers (about 700
tons) of groundnuts were contaminated and consigned at a port in Vietnam. The
consignments were cleared after fumigation, but the threat continues over
possible suspension of groundnut imports from India. Under the Vietnamese law,
imports shall be suspended if three consignments are detected with serious
violation of food safety regulation within six months. Any such suspension
would blemish India's credibility as good quality groundnut supplier.