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Brazil: 2014/15 groundnut crop estimated to not exceed 288,400 tons

  • Brazil: 2014/15 groundnut crop estimated to not exceed 288,400 tons

    by Market Insider

    Wednesday, 18 Feb. 2015

    The National Supply Company CONAB issued its 5th grain crops survey in the ISSN 2318-6852 report of mid-February,2015 http://www.conab.gov.br/OlalaCMS/uploads/arquivos/15_02_13_10_34_06_boletim_graos_fevereiro_2015.pdf).

    The report presents the January agro-meteorological conditions and the next quarter forecast.  

    The first groundnut crop planting is finished since December in the South Central Region. The second crop planting is in the initial phase, expected to be completed in March.

    Planting in the North/Northeast regions began in January and should be concluded in June, except for the states of Rondônia, Tocantins, southern Piauí, Maranhão and the Southwest of Bahia, whose plantations occur between November and January.

    Commercial planting of groundnuts is concentrated in the South East and South regions (i.e. the Mining Triangle comprising Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais and Parana Counties), which account together for about 80% of the cultivated area and 93% of the total Brazilian crop. Around 80% of production is destined for European markets. In these regions planted with good quality seeds (IAC505), planting ended in November/December and harvest is foreseen between March and May.

    The February 2115 estimations of the total 1st groundnut crop area planted have been lowered compared to January because of the more than expected decrease of planted surface in Sao Paulo County Brazil.  Estimates of groundnut planted area, 1'000 ha.

    Groundnut

    2013/14

    2014/15

    2014/15 versus 2013/14, %

    Estimation January 2015

    Estimation February 2015

    Estimation  January 2015

    Estimation February 2015

    1st crop

    94.2

    92.0

    83.1

    - 2.3

    - 11.8

    2nd crop

    11.1

    12.8

    12.8

    15.3

    15.3

    Total

    105.3

    92.0

    104.8

    - 0.5

    - 0.5

    In São Paulo, the country's largest groundnut producing area, the expansion of groundnut cultivation is hindered by the very limited availability of land - mainly due to the higher turnover of sugarcane cultures, with which groundnuts are rotated.

    Insufficient rain affected groundnut plantations in Sao Paolo County in their fructification stage, and are expected to lower the average yield. In February, 40% to 60% of the crop is in the maturing stage.

    Groundnut crop area in Minas Gerais is estimated in February 2015 at 2700 hectares, 3.8% over the January estimations.
    Brazil: Expected plantings, yield and production in 2014/15 - February 2015 estimations compared to 2013/14 crop season (Figures in bold indicate modifications following changes in February 2015 estimates compared to January 2015).
    Because of insufficient rains at the flowering stage of groundnuts in the Sao Paulo, Minas Gerais and Parana Counties, as well as the even lower estimated area planted in Sao Paulo, the total area under groundnuts in Brazil is now estimated at 95, 900 ha (nearly 9% less than in 2013/14). The global average yield is expected to reach 3 Kg/ha (0.3% below the previous season's yield), and the total groundnut output is foreseen to amount to 288,400 tons (8.7% less than in 29013/14).

    Region/State

    Area (1 000 ha)

    Yield (Kg/ha)

    Production (1 000 tons)

    2013/14

    2014/15

    %

    2014/15 vs. 2013/14

    2013/14

    2014/15

    %

    2014/15 vs. 2013/14

    2013/14

    2014/15

    %

    2014/15 vs. 2013/14

      North  

    0,8

    2.5

    212.5

    3,556

    3,753

    5.5

    2.8

    9.4

    235.7

    Tocantins

    0,8

    2.5

    212.5

    3,556

    3,753

    5.5

    2.8

    9.4

    235.7

      North East  

    3,9

    3,9

    -

    1,215

    783

    - 35.6

    4.8

    3.1

    - 35.4

    Cearà

    1,0

    1,0

    -

    1,154

    139

    - 88.0

    1.2

    0.1

    -  91.7

    Paraiba

    0.3

    0.3

    -

    319

    550

    72.4

    0.1

    0.2

    100.0

    Sergipe

    1.3

    1.3

    -

    1,740

    1,220

    - 29.9

    2.3

    1.6

    - 30.4

    Bahia

    1.3

    1.3

    -

    945

    895

    - 5.3

    1.2

    1.2

    -

      Centre-West  

    0.4

    0.4

    -

    2,500

    2,632

    5.3

    1.0

    1.1

    10.0

    Mato Grosso

    0.4

    0.4

    -

    2,500

    2,632

    5.3

    1.0

    1.1

    10.0

      South East  

    94.8

      83.8  

      - 11  

    3,126

      3,148  

      0.7  

    296.4

      263.7  

      - 11.0  

      Minas Gerais  

    2.6

      2.7  

      3.8  

    3,680

    3,680

    -

    9.6

      9.9  

      3.1  

      Sao Paolo  

    92.2

      81.1  

      - 12.0  

    3,110

      3,131  

      0.6  

    286.8

      253.8  

      - 11.5  

    South  

    5.4

    5.3

     

    - 1.9

    1,998

    2,090

    4.6

    10.8

    11.1

    2.8

    Paranà

    2.2

    2.2

     -

    2,408

    2,582

    7.2

    5.3

    5.7

    7.5

    Rio Grande do Sul

    3.2

    3.1

    - 3.1  

    1,716

    1,741

    1.5

    5.5

    5.4

    - 1.8

      North/North East  

    4.7

    6.4

    36.2

    1,614

    1,943

     20.4

    7.6

    12.5

    64.5

    Centre/South  

    100.6

      89.5  

      - 11.0  

    3,063

      3,083  

      0.7  

    308.2

      275.9  

      - 10.5  

      Brazil  

      105.3  

      95.9  

      - 8.9  

      2,998  

      3,007  

      0.3  

      315.8  

      288.4  

      - 8.7  


















































    Source: CONAB, estimates February 2015

     

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