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Countries / Territories

Country Profile Argentina

  • ARGENTINA 

    Location

    Argentina is located in the southern part of South America, and is bordered by Chile to the west; Bolivia and Paraguay to the north and Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The country has a total area of 2,780,400 sq km and national climate is mostly temperate, with variations between regions. The country has an Antarctic climate in the south and a more tropical jungle climate in its northern parts.

    Agricultural sector

    Argentina's main crops include soybeans, indigenous cattle meat, wheat, maize, whole fresh cow milk, grapes, indigenous chicken meat, sunflower seed, sugar cane and apples.


    Brief overview of organic farming

    There are 2,777,959 hectares of organic land in Argentina and approximately 1578 organic farms operating in the country. The vast majority of these farms (90%) are small to medium sized. Organic land makes up 2.2% of the country's arable land. Argentina has the highest area of organic farming land in South America, and the second highest in the world (FILB 2009), and yet the country's mean level of production is relatively low. In addition, there is much disparity between the land quality and farming land area of each organic farm. Most of Argentina's organic farmers work in dryer areas and possess more organic land, but only 5 % of the farms. In the warmer and more humid areas, farmers possess less land and yet hold over 90% of Argentina's organic farms. Argentina's organic crops include sugar cane, raw wool, fruits, vegetables and beans.


    Brief overview of key organic products

    Major organic exports include cereals and oilseeds: corn, wheat, soy and sunflower. Fruits and vegetables also make up a part of Argentina's major organic exports: pears, apples, oranges, lemons, garlic onions and beans. Exports of aromatic and medicinal plants are increasing. Argentina's also exports processed organic products such as olive oil, sugar, concentrated juices, honey and wine. Meat and organic wool continue to be exported. The national organic product market includes various different products of which vegetables fruits, oils, teas, breads, eggs, jams and organic milk are most produced (2007).


    The network

    Several NGOs and organizations play vital roles in strengthening Argentina's organic sector. The Argentine movement for Organic Agriculture (MAPO), the Chamber of Commerce (CAPOC) and the Certifiers' Chamber (CA.CER) are all key parts of the country's Organic network. These three organizations work towards attaining agreements between public authorities in South America, and strategic planning. MAPO acts as a hub for all the activities being undertaken with this movement.


    References

    - CIA FactBook, 31.05.07 - https://www.cia.gov

    - FAO, 26.10.2006: Key Statistics of Food and Agriculture External Trade. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Statistics Division.
    http://www.fao.org/es/ess/top/country.html?lang=en 
    http://www.fao.org/organicag

    - Yussefi, Minou and Willer, Helga, Eds. (2007): The World of Organic Agriculture: Statistics and emerging trends

    - FIBL - www.fibl.ch

    - IFOAM - www.ifoam.org