The survey methodology has been tested in a pilot phase in six countries 2008-2009. Since then it has been successfully implemented in 27 developing countries and least developed countries.
As of January 2013, more than 16,000 companies have been contacted and around 10,000 of these have been interviewed, enabling them to voice their concerns and needs regarding NTMs. At the same time, ITC trained around 120 local experts and interviewers on the classification of NTMs and ITC’s survey methodology, providing capacity building in this area.
The existing survey results suggest that a large proportion of companies are affected by NTM-related problems, most of which are technical measures. The impact is greater for companies exporting from landlocked least developed countries (LLDCs). There is a wide variation in NTMs depending on the export sector and importing market. Surprisingly many difficulties are related to NTMs applied by partner countries within regional trade agreements. Likewise, across countries, domestic impediments constitute a large share of reported obstacles.