The Republic of Zambia is a landlocked country which gained independence in 1964 and became part of the WTO in 1995. It was declared as one of the fastest economically reformed countries in the world by the World Bank in 2010 and profits from membership in the Southern African Development Community (SADC), alongside being the headquarters of the regional economic community of Common Markets of Eastern & Southern Africa (COMESA). Switzerland remains Zambia’s major export destination, followed by China and South Africa. Zambia sources almost half of its imports from South Africa and Congo jointly, the main import products being machinery, transportation equipment and petroleum products.
ITC has several on-going projects in Zambia, including Trade promotion and value addition for African cotton and Promoting Intra-Regional Trade in East Africa which specifically seeks to improve the competitiveness of Zambian honey.
Notes: Top 20 products listed in decreasing order of their export potential to the world. Development indicators are relative to the country’s current situation, green indicating performance above its trade-weighted median and red otherwise. A blank cell indicates that data are not available. A blank cell in export potential means that the product was not consistently demanded over five years by any country in the respective region. Exports (US$ thousand) correspond to average exports to the world over the period 2009-2013.