Trade Policy and Market Access
Tanzania has been a member of WTO since 1995. Tanzania bound only 13.5 per cent of its tariff lines, with ceiling rates of 120 per cent for both agricultural and non-agricultural products. As a founding member of the East African Community (EAC) the country is undertaking trade liberalization within this customs union, and applies the EAC Common External Tariff (CET). Therefore, Tanzania follows a three tiered tariff structure (0 per cent for raw materials and capital goods; 10 per cent for intermediate goods; and 25 per cent for finished goods) with some exceptions, while it eliminated all tariffs on intra-EAC trade in 2010. Also, as a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), as of 1 January 2011, Tanzania grants duty-free treatment to goods imported from all SADC countries. As an LDC, it is a beneficiary from the Everything-but-Arms initiative of the EU, the African Growth and Opportunity Act of the US, and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) of many WTO members. Tanzania, with the combination of its strategic location, stable political climate, positive macroeconomic outlook, and its membership in EAC (Customs Union with Kenya, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda) is a relatively attractive destination for investors.
WTO, 2012, Trade Policy Review (EAC: Tanzania)
Standard Compliance and Other Relevant Import/Export Restrictions
Tanzanian standards and technical regulations do not distinguish between domestically produced and imported goods. Tanzania continued to harmonize its national standards and technical regulations with international or regional standards. Its national standards and technical regulations are generally adopted or adapted from international standards, and relate mainly to food and agriculture, chemicals, textiles and leather, engineering, the environment and general techniques. Moreover, as a EAC member, Tanzania has harmonized some 1,200 voluntary standards for uniform application within the economic bloc. Compared to issues of technical barriers to trade, less effort has been made for the harmonization of sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures at the EAC level. Tanzania is a member of the Codex Alimentarius, the World Organisation for Animal Health, and the International Plant Protection Convention. A National SPS Committee was established in August 2009 to serve as a platform for consultations and coordination among stakeholders on SPS issues. The committee is also meant to advise the Government on SPS-related policies and regulations, monitor promulgation and implementation of national SPS measures, and ensure adoption of international standards and guidelines. However, improving enforcement capacity, agency coordination, and information and notification mechanisms is some of the key challenges.
TPSF, Tanzania Private Sector Foundation: SPS Policy and Advocacy