Mauritius is an island in the Indian Ocean, Southern Africa, and east of Madagascar. Since its independence in 1968, Mauritius went from a low-income economy based on agriculture to a middle-income, diversified and export oriented economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourism sectors.
The country ranked high in terms of competitiveness, investment climate and governance. The World Economic Forum’s global competitiveness index ranked Mauritius at 45 out of 148 countries in 2013-2014, ahead of all African countries.
The economy mainly rests on sugar, tourism, textiles and apparel, and financial services, and is expanding into fish processing, information and communications technology. With its strong textile sector, Mauritius has been able to take advantage of the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA). The country has also been a WTO Member, since January 1995, and its main export partners are the European Union, US, South Africa and Madagascar.
Notes: Top 20 products listed in decreasing order of their export potential to the world. Development indicators are relative to the country’s current situation, green indicating performance above its trade-weighted median and red otherwise. A blank cell indicates that data are not available. A blank cell in export potential means that the product was not consistently demanded over five years by any country in the respective region. Exports (US$ thousand) correspond to average exports to the world over the period 2009-2013.