Trade Facilitation

Description

According to the World Bank Logistics Performance Index (LPI) (2014) which measures countries’ trade logistics efficiency, Mauritania was ranked 148th out of 160 countries. This means that the country’s performance is below the averages of Sub-Saharan Africa region and the lower middle income group. Its strongest logistics indicator is timeliness, while the most lagging one is customs. Exporting a standard container of goods requires 8 documents, takes 31 days and costs USD 1,640, whilst importing the same container requires 8 documents, takes 38 days and costs USD 1,523. With respect to the number of documents required and trading time, Mauritania maintains the similar level of competitiveness compared to the regional average. However, the lack of information on the documents and quality required in order to obtain an authorization may hinder the participation of new importers. For example, trade authorization of "sensitive" products is necessary for the lucrative trade in rice, sugar, and medicines (WTO 2011). Practices of ports and customs checkpoints undermine foreign trade in a way that, for example, the transmission of information among these trade involved actors goes by regular post or messenger (Bertelsmann Stiftung 2012). Following to the introduction of automated system for customs data (ASYCUDA++), Mauritania introduced a new risk-based inspection system with scanners in order to make trading cross border easier.

Logistics Performance Index (LPI): Country Comparison
Logistics Performance Index – Evolution