Infrastructure

The 2013-14 WEF’s Global Competitiveness Report ranked the quality of overall infrastructure of Ethiopia 138th out of 148 countries. Among the categories analysed by this survey, quality of railroad infrastructure and mobile telephone subscriptions are more favourable, whereas the quality of overall infrastructure, quality of port infrastructure, quality of electricity supply and fixed telephone lines are particularly deficient. For instance, the transport capacity is incompatible with the fast growth in export and the large demand to ship. In Mauritania, both the telecommunication and electricity sectors are open to competition and foreign investment, which leads to its rapid development. Despite its present shortcomings, Mauritania has advantages for the sustainable development of the electricity sector, including large reserves of natural gas and broad expanses of desert with potential for solar and wind energy. The Mauritanian banking market is open to competition, yet underdeveloped. Although banking reform is officially underway, and new legislations are expected to increase banks’ minimum capital and to begin an audit of banks’ financial statements, the banking system is still confronting problems, including low capital assets, high interest rates, limited and restrictive financing, as well as corruption and deficient enforcement. This incapable system constitutes a major obstacle to the development of local companies.

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 2.52 128
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.73 115
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.02 84
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 2.92 117
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.33 134
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 106.00 78
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 5.37 121
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 0.18 114