Infrastructure

The latest WEF Global Competitiveness Report ranked the quality of overall infrastructure of Madagascar 132nd out of 148 countries. Madagascar’s overall poor infrastructure is negatively affecting its economic growth and development opportunities. For example, the density of paved roads is estimated at 10 km in every 1,000 sq. km against 100 km in every 1,000 sq. km Mauritius, also an island nation in the Indian Ocean. Unfair business practices can be seen among transport companies that has led to increased transport costs. There are only two railroads in Madagascar and they are unconnected and in poor condition. Given that agricultural products contribute 70 per cent of total export share in Madagascar and the sector employs over 80 per cent of the country’s population. With regards to information and communications technology the sector has been growing, owing to greater liberalisation and further investment, which lead to more than 3 per cent growth per year over the past ten years (African Development Bank Group 2013). Mobile penetration in Madagascar increased from 4 per cent to 25 per cent between 2005 and 2010. Prior to the sector reform of 1994, domestic telecommunication services were poor and government controlled (WEF 2013; Bertelsmann Stifung 2012; African Development Bank Group 2013)

Source: WEF, 2013, Global Competitiveness Report
Bertelsmann Sitfung, 2012, Country Report Madagascar
African Development Bank Group, 2013, African Economic Outlook 2013 (Madagascar)

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 2.52 129
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.61 120
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.01 86
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 3.53 96
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 3.63 98
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 39.38 132
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 2.06 133
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 0.04 126