Infrastructure

The World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report (2013) ranked Kenya 96th out of 148 countries. Among the infrastructure competitiveness index in the report, Kenya’s quality of electricity supply, mobile telephone subscriptions and fixed telephone line per 100 populations are weak. In the electricity sector, the household electrification rate increased by over four per cent per year since 1990, yet, only twenty five per cent of Kenya’s population has access to electricity (World Bank 2012b; World Bank 2013). In order to overcome the lack of public finance resources to large-scale investments in electricity generation, private sector investment is being called on to provide sustainable finance to help meet critical power shortages (World Bank 2012c). In the ITC sector, the percentage of households with at least one mobile phone increased by 30 percent per year since 2005. The mobile telephone market liberalization has helped to increase competition, and prices have already dropped by about 50 per cent (African Development Bank 2013). Nevertheless, monopoly of government-owned enterprises in the important sector remain a concern. Although monopolies are restricted almost entirely to the infrastructure sector, some sectors are only partially liberalised (U.S. Department of State 2013).

Source: African Development Bank Group, 2013, The State of Kenya’s Private Sector
U.S. Department of State, 2013, Investment Climate Statement (Kenya)
WEF, 2013, Global Competitiveness Report
World Bank, 2013, Economic Update (Kenya)
World Bank, 2012b, Four Private Sector Power Generation Projects
World Bank, 2012c, Kenya's Power Shortage Problem Meets Innovative Finance

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 3.34 93
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 4.10 62
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.53 67
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 4.08 71
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 4.68 57
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 71.17 114
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 32.09 88
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 0.10 120