Infrastructure

The World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Competitiveness Report (2013) ranked the quality of overall infrastructure of Gabon 112nd out of 148 countries. While road is the leading mode of transport in Gabon, its poor state has been hampering Gabonese competitiveness and industrial development. The low quality of port infrastructure is not able to effectively meet the needs of external trade. The quality of electricity supply also lags behind. Given this situation, the government has been launching investment in constructing and renovating public infrastructures since 2010 (WTO 2013). It has been focusing on strengthening the road infrastructure on the segments of the highway linking Gabon to Congo; rehabilitating the transport and marketing infrastructure in the rural areas for enhanced access to productive areas; and upgrading the energy and communications infrastructure (AfDB 2011). With regards to telecommunication service, the Gabonese government has exclusive authority to establish and operate public telecommunications networks. The market of basic fixed telecommunications services is dominated by the monopoly of Gabon Télécom, and largely underdeveloped. On the other hand, the market of mobile telephone is more liberalized and competitive. Owing to the competition between service providers, Gabon became one of the earliest African countries to exceed 100 per cent mobile market penetration in 2008 (MBendi 2011; WTO 2013).

Source: WEF, 2013, Global Competitiveness Report
African Development Bank, 2011, Country Strategy Paper 2011-2015 (Gabon)
African Development Bank, 2013, Quarterly Thematic Review Central Africa - Promoting Private Investment in Countries of the Economic Community of Central African States – ECCAS
MBendi, 2013, Computers and Communications in Gabon- Introduction
WTO, 2013, Trade Policy Review (CEMAC - Gabon)

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 2.68 124
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.33 131
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.39 72
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 2.69 124
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 3.57 102
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 179.47 6
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 8.62 117
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 0.31 111