The Republic of the Congo is a country located in Sub-Saharan Africa and is currently classified as a middle-income country. Following its independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. More recently, despite an improved overall economic situation, Congo is still suffering from the lingering effects of the 1990s civil wars that continue to weigh heavily on economic and social recovery. The country has also been a WTO member since 1997.
Although the country is rich in natural resources which give it a substantial comparative advantage in integrating into global value chains, Congo’s primary role in international production networks is restricted to the export of primary inputs due to structural obstacles. Additional untapped resources in the country include large quantities of base metal, gold, iron and phosphate deposits.