The Comoros is an archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean, located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa. Historically a French colony, Comoros faced several coups and attempted coups till it gained independence in 1975. Agriculture, including fishing, hunting, and forestry, is the leading sector of the economy. The coastal area supports cash crops such as vanilla, ylang-ylang, and cloves and the highlands support cultivation of crops for domestic consumption, such as cassava, bananas, rain rice, and sweet potatoes.
Comoros is the world's principal producer of ylang-ylang essence and is the world's second largest producer of vanilla, after Madagascar. ITC has partnered with the Government of The Comoros to boost the export of its main cash crops cloves, vanilla and ylang-ylang.