People

Total population
(growth rates per annum)
2,977,488 in 2012 (-0.1%)
Population density
(people per sq. km of land area)
105 in 2012
Female population 49.3% in 2012
Population below 15 years of age 20.8% in 2012
Urban population 64.1% in 2012
Population living below $1.25 a day at purchasing power parity (PPP) 1.3% in 2012
Ranking in the Human Development Index (HDI) 87 out of 186 in 2012
Evolution of the Human Development Index (HDI)
Source: United Nations Development Programme Human Development Indicators

Note: The Human Development Index measures the overall development of a nation and ranges from 0 (low level of development) to 1 (highest level of development). The United Nations Development Programme (http://hdr.undp.org) provides a detailed explanation. ITC Regional group refers to ITC definition

Health Life expectancy at birth (years) (74); Mortality rate, under-5 (per thousand live births) (16.4) in 2012
Education 29 out of 191 in 2012
Income level N:A.
Inequality 47 out of 191 in 2012
Poverty 101 out of 191 in 2012
Gender 89 out of 191 in 2012
Sustainability N.A.