Infrastructure

 The latest WEF Global Competitiveness Report (2013) ranked the quality of overall infrastructure of Cambodia 86th out of 142 countries. Among all indicators, the quality of electricity supply and fixed telephone lines are relatively deficient, while mobile telephone subscriptions are ranked high at 38th. The report also identified inadequate supply of infrastructure as the 4th most problematic factor hindering Cambodia from an ease doing business perspective. Key infrastructure (construction and operation) such as telecommunication, electricity and transportation, are mainly dominated by state-owned enterprises (Bertelsmann Stiftung 2014). The electricity supply is particularly deficient, in terms of the low electrification rate, reliance on imported oil, the volatile price and the imparity between low supply and increasing demand. The government is planning to further develop the electricity supply through investment and regional cooperation (Poch & Tuy 2012). Due to the severe damage caused in past conflict and the lack of renovation thereafter, the transportation network is relatively unfavorable in terms of its insufficient accessibility, fragmentation, inadequate professional management, and the lack of maintenance (World Bank 2014). Since 2006, the Cambodian government has been investing in domestic transport system reform, with coverage of rail transportation, the trucking industry, international shipments, air transport and maritime cargo. As for the financial sector, the local authority is committed to develop it in the long term, yet the financial system remains segmented and subject to government influence (Asian Development Bank 2012). Impressive expansion has been seen, yet many challenges remained in terms of competition, credit growth, and serviced access for the larger population (Heritage Foundation 2014).

Source: Asian Development Bank, 2012, Cambodia: Financial Sector Development Strategy 2011-2020
Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2014, Cambodia Country Report
Ministry of Public Works and Transport (Cambodia), 2012, Infrastructure Development and Transport Logistics
Poch & Tuy, 2012, Cambodia’s Electricity Sector in the Context of Regional Electricity Market Integration
Heritage Foundation, 2014, Economic Freedom Index (Cambodia)
WEF, 2013, Global Competitiveness Report 2013-14
World Bank, 2008, Service Trade Restriction Index
World Bank, 2014, Transport in Cambodia

Indicator Value Rank/148
Quality of overall infrastructure How would you assess general infrastructure (e.g., transport, telephony, and energy) in your country? [1 = extremely underdeveloped—among the worst in the world; 7 = extensive and efficient—among the best in the world] | 2012–13 weighted average. 3.07 101
Quality of roads How would you assess roads in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 3.73 72
Quality of railroad infrastructure How would you assess the railroad system in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 2.04 83
Quality of port infrastructure How would you assess port facilities in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = well-developed and efficient by international standards). For landlocked countries, this measures the ease of access to port facilities and inland waterways | 2010, 2011. 4.04 74
Quality of air transport infrastructure How would you assess passenger air transport infrastructure in your country? (1 = extremely underdeveloped; 7 = extensive and efficient by international standards) | 2010, 2011. 4.09 85
Individuals using Internet (%) Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network. 128.53 34
Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop According to the World Bank, mobile cellular telephone subscriptions are subscriptions to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, which provides access to switched telephone technology. Postpaid and prepaid subscriptions are included. This can also include analogue and digital cellular systems but should not include non-cellular systems. Subscribers to fixed wireless, public mobile data services, or radio paging services are not included. 4.94 122
Fixed broadband Internet subscriptions/100 pop: The International Telecommunication Union considers broadband to be any dedicated connection to the Internet of 256 kilobits per second or faster, in both directions. Broadband subscribers refers to the sum of DSL, cable modem and other broadband (for example, fiber optic, fixed wireless, apartment LANs, satellite connections) subscribers. 0.20 113