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  • Abbreviations

    Unless otherwise specified, all references to dollars ($) and cents are to United States dollars and cents. All references to tons are to metric tons. The term 'billion' denotes 1 thousand million.


    The following abbreviations are used:

    AFIS
     
    Advanced Fibre Information System
    APTMA
     
    All Pakistan Textile Mills Association
    ASCU
     
    Agricultural Sales Cooperative Union (Turkey)
    ASTM
     
    American Society for Testing and Materials International
    B/L
     
    Bill of lading
    BM&F
     
    Bolsa de Mercadorias e Futuros (Brazil)
    BTMA
     
    Bangladesh Textile Mills Association
    CCI
     
    Cotton Corporation of India
    CDB
     
    Cotton Development Board (Bangladesh)
    CFA
     
    Communauté financière africaine
    CFR
     
    Cost and freight
    CFS
     
    Container freight station
    CFTC
     
    Commodity Futures Trading Commission (United States)
    CICCA
     
    Committee for International Co-operation between Cotton Associations
    CIF
     
    Cost, insurance and freight
    CIQ
     
    China Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine
    CIS
     
    Commonwealth of Independent States
    CL
     
    Confidence level
    CMA
     
    Collateral management agreement
    CNCE
     
    China National Cotton Exchange
    CNCRC
     
    China National Cotton Reserves Corporation
    CNY
     
    Chinese yuan
    COT
     
    Commitment of traders
    CSCE
     
    Coffee, Sugar and Cocoa Exchange
    CSR
     
    Corporate social responsibility
    CV
     
    Coefficient of variance
    DDA
     
    Doha Development Agenda
    DFQF
     
     Duty-free quota-free
    ECR
     
     European Cotton Rules
    EDI
     
     Electronic data interchange
    EFP
     
     Exchange of futures for physicals
    EFS
     
     Exchange for swaps
    EICA
     
     East India Cotton Association
    ELS
     
     Extra long staple
    EU
     
     European Union
    EUR
     
     Euros
    EWR
     
     Electronic Warehouse Receipt
    FAS
     
     Free alongside ship
    FCA
     
     Free carrier
    FCFA
     
     Franc communauté financière africaine
    FCL
     
     Full container load
    FLO
     
     Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International
    FOB
     
     Free on board
    FOT
     
     Free on truck
    FTZ
     
    Free trade zone
    GAP
     
     South-east Anatolian Project (Turkey)
    GBP
     
    United Kingdom pounds
    GDP
     
    Gross domestic product
    GM
     
     Genetically modified
    GOTS
     
    Global Organic Textile Standards
    GSP
     
    Generalized System of Preferences
    H&M
     
    Hennes & Mauritz
    HPLC
     
    High-performance liquid chromatography
    HS
     
    Harmonized System
    HVI
     
    High Volume Instrument
    ICA
     
    International Cotton Association
    ICAC
     
    International Cotton Advisory Committee
    ICE
     
    Intercontinental Exchange
    ICM
     
    Integrated crop management
    ICT
     
    Information and communication technology
    IDR
     
    Indonesian rupiahs
    IFCP
     
    International Forum for Cotton Promotion
    IFOAM
     
    International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements
    IIC
     
    International Institute for Cotton
    IME
     
    Izmir Mercantile Exchange
    IMO
     
    International Maritime Organization
    IPM
     
    Integrated pest management
    ISO
     
    International Organization for Standardization
    ITMF
     
    International Textile Manufacturers Federation
    IVN
     
    Internationaler Verband der Naturtextilwirtschaft (Germany)
    JAS
     
    Japan Agricultural Standard
    JOCA
     
    Japan Organic Cotton Association
    L/C
     
    Letter of credit
    LCL
     
    Less than container load
    LDC
     
    Least developed country
    LS
     
    Long staple
    LUI
     
    Length uniformity index
    MFN
     
    Most-favoured nation
    ML
     
    Mean length
    M&S
     
    Marks & Spencer
    MMF
     
    Man-made fibre
    NCDEX
     
    National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (India)
    NGO
     
    Non-governmental organization
    NIR
     
    Near infra-red
    NOP
     
    National Organic Program (United States)
    NYBOT
     
    New York Board of Trade
    NYCC
     
    New York Clearing Corporation
    NYCE
     
    New York Cotton Exchange
    OE
     
    Open-end
    OFS
     
    Options on futures spreads
    OTA
     
    Organic Trade Association (United States)
    PTBF
     
    Price to be fixed
    PTS
     
    Primary textile sector
    RMG
     
    Ready-made garments
    SDPC
     
    State Development and Planning Commission (China)
    SDRC
     
    State Development and Reform Commission (China)
    SEM
     
    Scanning electron microscope
    SFC
     
    Short fibre content
    SG
     
    Saw-ginned
    SITC
     
    Standard Instrument Testing
    SLM
     
    Strict low middling
    SMEs
     
    Small and medium-sized enterprises
    TEU
     
    20-foot equivalent unit
    THC
     
    Terminal handling charges
    UCP
     
    Uniform Customs and Practice for Documentary Credits
    UHML
     
    Upper half mean length
    UNCTAD
     
    United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
    USDA
     
    United States Department of Agriculture
    USDA/AMS
     
    United States Department of Agriculture
    UV
     
    Ultra-violet
    VAT
     
    Value added tax
    VSA
     
    Vessel sharing arrangements
    WR
     
    Warehouse receipt
    WRS
     
    Warehouse receipts system
    WTO
     
    World Trade Organization
    ZCE
     
    Zhengzhou Commodity Exchange (China)
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  • Cotton Exporter's Guide

    Brochure - African cotton promotion
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