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Chinese floriculture: expanding industry

  • Chinese floriculture: expanding industry

    by Market Insider

    Thursday, 30 Apr. 2015

    Regarding the HortiFlorexpo IPM Shanghai, it might be interesting to learn more about the developments in the Chinese ornamental sector. Below, some floriculture statistics are presented.

    Over the last years, China experienced a rapid growth in the ornamental sector. According to official Chinese statistics, the acreage of flowers and plants increased with 55% from 772,000 hectares in 2009 to 1,120,000 hectares in 2013.

    At that time - in 2013 – 1.8 million growers and 4.9 million employees were active in the ornamental sector. Also the cultivation in (modern) greenhouses increased to 36,000 hectares in this year.

    According to the official statistics, the estimated production value of flowers and plants increased with 150% over the last four years, from 6 billion euro in 2009 to € 15 billion in 2013.

    Ornamental plants and trees count for the largest percentage of production value, namely 51%. 14% of the production value is pot plants, 10% cut flowers, 8% edible flowers for food and medicine, and 17% 'other types'.

    When looking at the pot plants - with an estimated production value of 4 billion euros in 2013 - the Cymbidium is the most important plant with 45% of the production value.

    Regarding the cut flowers - that had an estimated production value of 1.5 billion euros in 2013 - the lily is the most important flower with 42% of the production value. With 24% of the production value, the rose comes second and is followed up by the Gerbera with 11% of the production value. Then Chrysanthemum with 9%, the Carnation with 7%, and the Gladiolus with 3% of the production value.

    For cut flowers is Yunnan the most important production area, for pot plants is this Guangdong and Fujian, and for flower bulbs Yunnan and Liaoning. The major nursery stock producing areas are Sichuan, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Shandong. Hainan is the major producer of tropical plants and leaf foliage.

    According to the figures of the Chinese Statistical Bureau, the exports and especially the imports of China increased drastically over the last four years. The imports increased sharply with 92%, from 90 million USD in 2009 to 173 million USD in 2013.

    China mainly imported from the Netherlands, Japan, Thailand, Chile and Taiwan. The exports rose with 46%, from 188 million USD in 2009 to 275 million USD in 2013.

    China exported mainly to: Japan, South-Korea, the Netherlands, Hong Kong and the  United States (US). Even though the imports rose faster than exports, China still exports more flowers and plants than they import.

    Source: Horti Daily/ The Netherlands Embassy

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